“Who is King Philip II? Find out here…”
The bronze statue in honor of Philip II, King of Spain was erected at Plaza Espana in Intramuros Manila in 1998. The statue faces the Palacio del Gobernador in Intramuros, the house of power during the Spanish colonization. The statue is a marker to honor King Philip II to whom the Philippines is named after.
Ruy Lopez de Villalobos used the name Las Islas Filipinas to honor the Prince of Asturias referring to Samar and Leyte. Later on, the name of the whole archipelago is changed into Filipinas.
The expeditions of Fernando de Magallanes and all the other explorers that reached the archipelago were funded by the king’s reign. During this time, Spain attained the greatest power, influence and extent. The Spanish empire ruled the country for 300 years.
During the Spanish colonization, Intramuros was honored by King Philip II by giving it the title Insigne y Siempre Leal Ciudad or The Distinguished and Ever Loyal City. This prime city became the empire of Spain in the East. Hundreds of years after the colonization of Spain, Intramuros still stands as a home to remnants of the old glory of Spain in the East.
The Statue of King Philip II along many other statues and markers in Intramuros are considered part of the historic city. These are maintained by the Intramuros Administration being valued as a national heritage. The administrators are in-charge of the restoration and development of the sites and structures to serve as tourist attractions.
Even if King Philip II of Spain was not able to set foot in the archipelago, he plays a great role in the history of the country. The bronze statue, erected in time for the celebration of Philippine’s Centennial Independence in 1998, is the Philippine’s way of honoring the man who helped shape the nation.